Posts Tagged ‘limits of localism’
Accountancy is a staid professional. I can see that. So any colourful intervention into the somewhat humdrum lives of finance professionals – even semi-retired ones like me – is always welcome.
I’ve just read this opinion piece from John Redwood reproduced on the Public Finance magazine’s website. Apparently all of my former colleagues busy cutting costs in the public sector are operating under some strange compulsion unwarranted by the different laws of financial physics that operate in deep space.
I was particularly struck by the following section of the post –
Whilst there are cuts in planned spending, total spending carries on rising in cash terms, so all the deficit reduction planned happens through increased tax revenues. The increases in VAT and National Insurance are an important part of delivering this tax-based approach. As we have seen, the main reason increased cash spending delivers some unpleasant cuts is the rising inflation. Bad public sector management in some councils and Quangos adds to the stresses.
Only a politician could have written the first two sentences. Or a practitioner of the old huckster’s art of misdirection: ‘Don’t look at these cuts, look over here at these tax rises.’
The only proper response to the next sentence is one I heard from a youngster on a bus recently: ‘Yeah, right.’
As for the last sentence. Well, there is already sufficient evidence from such well-known left-leaning journals like the Telegraph that cutting Quangos has nothing to do with deficit reduction either.
All of which leaves me with the ‘bad public sector management by some councils’ comment. Local government has consistently outperformed almost every other area of public services. Not only have services generally improved councils have also delivered year on year efficiencies. Real ones. The sort you can spend. A minimum 9% cut in local government funding is more than a bit of stress in the system and it definitely isn’t caused by poor management in any council however much government might wish it were.
Local government leaders have begun to wonder out loud what planet some politicians are living on. I think the answer is obvious isn’t it?
I spent Christmas on retreat with a large parcel of reading to catch up with. Anyone who thought coalition government would strangle the volume of paper flowing from the initiative engine room down by the Thames was clearly barking up the wrong tree. Each department seems to have decided it’s Year Zero.
In my experience there’s an absolute correlation between the quality and quantum of the capacity available to deliver change and its success. Public sector careers are littered with experiences of sweeping up after disastrous change programmes whose benefits were sketchy to start with and never got close to being realised.
For the first time in the experience of almost anyone but the hardiest veterans of public service we face rapidly reducing public expenditure coupled with enormous and complex reform of public services. Less money and fewer people to do more work. All the ingredients of a perfect public policy storm.
A certain amount of change is inevitable with any new government but my clients have now suffered a severe sense of humour failure. But, although the lights are on in Whitehall, there’s no evidence that there’s anyone home listening.
Instead what local public service organisations get for raising queries about the direction and pace of change is the chance to get publicly rubbished by an administration which seems fixated on rubbish collections.
I listened to a minister from CLG yesterday on my way home, interviewed alongside the Leader of Exeter. The minister had written to all councils to admonish them for failing to collect household rubbish over the Christmas holidays. The Leader at Exeter – a council in the ministerial sights – made two not unreasonable points: it had been a tad snowy; and, even if his troops had worked throughout Christmas the Council would have had nowhere to stick the waste collected because it’s not the waste disposal authority (WDA). The WDA’s dumps were, of course, closed on the public holidays over the break.
Few things seem to galvanise the CLG ministerial team more than the question of rubbish collection. Yesterday the minister repeated the old canard on the radio that the move by councils to alternative weekly collections of waste and recyclables was forced on them by a government/Audit Commission plot. Local politicians will tell you this isn’t true. The Audit Commission has also made it plain that this simply is not true. Perhaps if it gets repeated often enough it might become true in some magical and unexpected way. (Sorry, I happened to see Peter Pan over the holidays and yes, I believe in fairies.) You can read the Audit Commission correspondence here.
Changing these arrangements made economic sense and was good for the environment too. In many cases local elections have been fought and won with the issue of changes to local refuse collection arrangements as a hot topic. In any event surely this is a prime example of a local issue where local politicians should be held accountable through the ballot box rather than to ministers’ letters? Perhaps I have misunderstood what this localism malarkey is all about.
I had just about recovered some sort of mental equilibrium when up popped a transport minister to talk about potholes. He said it was up to local councils to sort it out and the government shouldn’t get involved in prescribing what happens locally. But surely, I thought to myself, that’s just what CLG have just been doing over its fixation over bin emptying. The minister boasted that councils had got £3 billions in the spending review to spend on roads and said poorer performing councils should learn from the good practice of the good ones. Quite how that is going to happen was left unexplained.
However, a whacking thump from the suspension as I hit yet another pothole brought me back to the issue at hand. On the final miles home I mused about the £3 billion figure. Here’s the fruit of that musing.
There was a Ministerial statement in the Commons on 13 December. This did indeed announce the £3 billion mentioned. But it’s £3 billion over 4 years. I had a look then at the length of the road network maintained by councils in England. You can have a look at the details here on the Department for Transport website.
Highways experts may correct me but it looks like councils have to look after around 182,000 miles of road. So councils have just over £4,100 a mile to work with each year. That does not seem like an awful lot of money to me. Just think how much it costs to get a drive skimmed with a new layer of blacktop. Of course it looks even less generous when you realise that this money will not be evenly distributed across the road network. Some roads will clearly see not a penny of this £3 billion.
In the interview the minister made the point again that some councils have ‘lots’ of money in reserves. If they do then, as I have said before, this is for genuine un-budgeted for emergencies. If money is needed for planned highways schemes then it is almost certainly already earmarked.
My overall point is that while the government may be intellectually committed to localism it seems pathologically unable to deal with its consequences. This makes for poor relations between Whitehall and local decision-makers who I know are becoming fed up with the constant second guessing that flows from this aggressive authoritarian localism. The ever excellent Local Government Chronicle is reporting today on the local government response to all this noise from the Whitehall machine.
As I pick up the traces from December and clamber back into harness I sense this growing disconnect will increasingly dominate the debate over public service ‘reform’. I haven’t even mentioned what my NHS contacts are saying about what’s going on in that service. That is a whole new post.
There’s certain to be a lot of work for us armchair auditors in the year ahead.
By the way, Happy New Year.
By all accounts the Secretary of State for Transport is a good minister – at least that’s what I hear from people I respect who should know. He is learning a hard lesson at the moment about how the blame game works when public services don’t work as well as the great British public expect they should.
Here he is yesterday on ITN talking about keeping the roads running.
As a (reluctant) armchair auditor I’m finding what’s happening with ‘The Snow’ interesting. The government is very big on localism. It – apparently – believes in shunting decision-making to the nearest possible point to the action. It believes too that local communities should decide on their own priorities and be free from Whitehall interference in how they are chosen and pursued. Coalition politicians are gambling on there being a host of willing participants in priority-setting, decision-making and service delivery. Years of public service experience leads me to doubt that this belief is well founded but the government is entitled to hold it.
What I think peoples’ growing fury about the impact of the current freakishly cold weather on their lives tell us is this: ministers should beware.
Scotland’s Transport Minister lost his job because the roads couldn’t be kept clear. It makes no difference there were plenty of severe weather warnings that people could have acted on. Like every other day of their working lives they got on a bus or in their car and expected to be able to drive home. When they couldn’t, they got cross and politicians took the heat. There’s always a price to be paid for wanting to lead.
Let’s fast forward a bit to autumn 2011. The cuts I’m now helping to design are really beginning to bite.
The children’s centre your children used to attend has scaled back it’s activities. Your kids no longer get the range of activities they did. The leisure centre has scaled back its hours too so you’ve had to re-arrange your life to keep up your classes. They also cost more so you’ve knocked some on the head. At your kids’ school you notice that the planned building work and upgrading of the IT facilities hasn’t yet happened. A bit of a ruck is developing over whether the school should pursue a change in status. Would there be some more money on the table if it did?
You notice how bad the roads still are after the winter of 2010/11 the surfaces of many make your car rumble and vibrate. There’s a couple of impressive potholes that you know now to slow and swerve for. Experience gained at the cost of a new tyre and alloy wheel.
You’re worried about your parents as they now have to pay quite a bit more for the care package they have. They are seeing a succession of care workers now after the service was outsourced. They’re bit worried about the rent now as well as they think it’s going to be going up. Their utility bills, and yours, have gone up too.
Quite a few of your friends have been laid off either from the council or from jobs that depended on the council. You’re worried about your own business. The high street has been getting quieter and there’s been a bit more anti-social behaviour in the precinct. The local policing team has been reorganised, there was a story about it in the local paper.
You’ve also heard something about some reorganisation in the NHS. But no-one you speak to is very clear about what it’s all about. The campaign to save the local community hospital has started up again. A friend of your wife who works as a finance assistant in the medical centre said that they are working on a ‘big deal’ with a private company and that’s taking up more of the GPs’ time. They’re all really excited by it.
Your oldest child who was thinking about going on to university after sixth form has decided instead to get a job and will stay on at home.
When you get together with your friends you talk about all of this and more, in the way friends do.
I am labouring to reach my point so here it is. Clearly an act of God like snow can drive the public to fury with politicians. So how are they going to react when it’s much clearer the falling quality and availability of public services are directly the result of changes directed from the top. Snowy roads – Philip Hammond; duff council services – Eric Pickles; distracted Health Services – Andrew Lansley; ropey schools – Michael Gove; university fees – Vince Cable; and, so it goes on.
If the fury over the current transport problems is a guide all ministers can expect some troubled times ahead. Localism will not protect any national politician from being the object of fury when people in local communities find their lives harder and less full of flavour.
As I said there is always a price to be paid for wanting to lead. Localism doesn’t do anything to change the essential characteristics of that equation.
For armchair auditors the challenge will be to sort out where responsibility for cuts actually rests. Where’s that abacus?